Understanding the Meanings of Candles in Forex Trading: Everything You Need to Know

Forex trading is a complicated field, and it can take years of experience to decipher the true meaning behind the various components that affect the market. One particularly important element of forex trading is candlesticks. But what exactly are these mysterious candles, and how do they inform trading decisions? If you’re new to forex trading and want to learn the basics of candlesticks, you’re in the right place.

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Candlesticks are visual representations of trading prices that convey important information about market movements. Each candlestick is formed by the opening price, closing price, high, and low of a particular period of time, typically ranging from one minute to one month. These four data points are combined into a candlestick visually resembling a candle, with the real body showing the opening and closing prices and the wick showing the highs and lows. By interpreting the different shapes and patterns of these candles, traders can gain a deeper understanding of market trends and make more informed trading decisions.

In addition to providing valuable data on market movements, candlesticks also have intriguing cultural symbolism. For example, green candles are often associated with bullish trends, while red candles signify bearish trends. Similarly, candles with long wicks are interpreted as signs of market volatility, while candles with small wicks are seen as signs of stability. By understanding the various meanings attached to different candlestick patterns, traders can identify patterns and opportunities that may be invisible to the untrained eye.

Japanese Candlesticks

If you are a forex trader, then you must know the importance of Japanese candlesticks. It is a type of chart used in forex trading to represent the price movement of a currency pair over a certain period. Unlike other charts, Japanese candlesticks provide more information about the market, making them a popular tool for traders.

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  • Each candlestick represents a specific period, such as one hour, one day, or one week.
  • The candlestick has two parts: the body and the wick.
  • The body represents the difference between the opening and closing price of the currency pair during that period.
  • The wick, also known as the shadow, represents the high and low prices during that period.

Japanese candlesticks are used for technical analysis, which helps traders identify trends and potential reversals in the market. They offer a clear visual representation of the market’s behavior, allowing traders to make informed decisions based on the patterns and formations of the candles.

There are many types of Japanese candlesticks, each with its own characteristics and meanings. Some of the most commonly used ones are:

Candlestick TypeMeaning
DojiIndecision in the market
EngulfingIndicates a reversal in the trend
HammerIndicates a potential bullish reversal
Shooting StarIndicates a potential bearish reversal

Overall, Japanese candlesticks provide traders with a valuable tool for analyzing the market and making informed decisions. Understanding their meanings and formations can greatly enhance a trader’s ability to succeed in forex trading.

Bullish Candlesticks

In forex trading, bullish candlesticks are a type of candlestick pattern that indicates an upward trend in the market. The pattern consists of a long body and small to nonexistent upper shadow, with a small lower shadow. This shows that buyers have control of the market and are pushing the price up, making it a favorable time to buy.

  • Marubozu: A strong bullish candlestick pattern with no shadows. It indicates a strong buying trend as the closing price is much higher than the opening price.
  • Hammer: This bullish candlestick pattern shows that sellers pushed the price down, but buyers stepped in and pushed it back up, creating a long lower shadow. It suggests a potential price reversal.
  • Bullish Engulfing: This pattern occurs when a small bearish candlestick is followed by a larger bullish candlestick. The bullish candlestick engulfs the previous candlestick, indicating a strong buying pressure.

It is important to note that while these candlestick patterns indicate a potential upward trend, it is not a guarantee of a price increase. Traders should use technical and fundamental analysis to make informed decisions about when to enter and exit the market.

Here is a table summarizing the characteristics of some bullish candlestick patterns:

Candlestick PatternCharacteristics
MarubozuNo shadows and strong buying trend.
HammerLong lower shadow and potential price reversal.
Bullish EngulfingSmall bearish candlestick followed by larger bullish candlestick and strong buying pressure.

Overall, understanding bullish candlestick patterns can provide valuable insights into the market and help traders make informed decisions. By combining candlestick analysis with other technical and fundamental indicators, traders can develop a well-rounded approach to forex trading.

Bearish Candlesticks

Candlesticks in forex trading have different meanings and are significant in predicting the market trend. A bearish candlestick is a type of candlestick that indicates a potential downtrend in the market. It is characterized by its red or black color, which represents a decrease in price in a given time frame. The length of the bearish candlesticks represents the strength of the downward momentum of the market.

  • Marubozu Candlestick: This bearish candlestick is represented by a long red or black candlestick with no upper or lower wick, indicating a strong selling pressure in the market. The longer the candlestick, the stronger the momentum of the downward trend.
  • Long lower shadow Candlestick: This type of bearish candlestick has a long lower wick and a small body. It indicates that the sellers have pushed the price down, and buyers have entered the market, but still, the sellers are dominating, leading to a potential downtrend.
  • Bearish Engulfing Candlestick: This bearish candlestick is seen when a small bullish candlestick is fully engulfed by a larger bearish candlestick, indicating that the trend is reversing from bullish to bearish. The strength of the reversal is determined by the size of the bearish candlestick.

It is important to note that these candlesticks should be analyzed in combination with other technical indicators to confirm the trend before making any trading decisions. Traders can also use these candlesticks to place their stop loss orders to minimize their losses if the trend changes. By understanding the meaning of bearish candlesticks, traders can make informed decisions and maximize their profits in the forex market.

To further understand the significance of bearish candlesticks, refer to the table below, which illustrates the different types of bearish candlesticks and their meanings.

Bearish Candlestick NameDescription
MarubozuLong bearish candlestick with no wicks indicating strong selling pressure
Long lower shadowSmall body with a long lower wick indicating buyers are entering the market, but sellers are still dominant
Bearish EngulfingLarger bearish candlestick completely engulfs a smaller bullish candlestick indicating a trend reversal from bullish to bearish

In conclusion, bearish candlesticks are crucial in identifying a potential downtrend in the forex market. By using technical indicators and stop loss orders, traders can minimize their losses and maximize their profits. Understanding the different types of bearish candlesticks is a valuable skill for any successful trader in the forex market.

Doji Candlesticks

Doji candlesticks are one of the most popular types of candlesticks in forex trading. They are characterized by their unique shape, which features a small body and long wicks on both ends. The open and close prices of the candle are the same or very close, creating a cross-like appearance.

  • Doji candlesticks are usually considered a sign of indecision in the market. They occur when the buying and selling pressures are relatively equal, resulting in a stalemate. Traders interpret this as a sign that the momentum of the market is slowing down and that a potential reversal may be imminent.
  • There are several types of doji candlesticks, including the neutral doji, long-legged doji, gravestone doji, and dragonfly doji. Each type has slightly different characteristics and can indicate different things to traders.
  • Neutral doji: The neutral doji is the most common type of doji candlestick. It signifies indecision and is seen as a potential reversal signal.
  • Long-legged doji: This type of doji candlestick has long upper and lower shadows, indicating high volatility and a struggle between the bulls and bears.
  • Gravestone doji: The gravestone doji has a long upper shadow and no lower shadow, indicating a bearish reversal.
  • Dragonfly doji: The dragonfly doji is the opposite of the gravestone doji, with a long lower shadow and no upper shadow. It indicates a bullish reversal.

Traders often use doji candlesticks in combination with other technical indicators and analysis techniques to gain a better understanding of the market’s sentiment and potential direction.

One way traders use doji candlesticks is through a strategy called the “Doji Breakout.” This involves waiting for a doji candlestick to form and then entering a position once the price breaks above or below the high or low of the doji.

Type of DojiAppearanceMeaning
Neutral DojiNeutral DojiIndecision, potential reversal signal
Long-legged DojiLong-legged DojiHigh volatility, struggle between bulls and bears
Gravestone DojiGravestone DojiBearish reversal
Dragonfly DojiDragonfly DojiBullish reversal

Overall, doji candlesticks are an important tool in a trader’s toolkit. By understanding their different types and meanings, traders can make more informed decisions and potentially increase their profits.

Long Candlesticks

Long candlesticks are a powerful tool in forex trading as they provide strong indications of market momentum and potential trend reversals. A candlestick is considered “long” if the range between its opening and closing prices is significantly larger than the average candlestick size. Here’s what long candlesticks can signify:

  • Bullish long candlesticks: When a long green candlestick forms, it indicates that buyers are in control of the market and there is significant bullish momentum. This could mark the beginning of an uptrend or a continuation of an existing one.
  • Bearish long candlesticks: In contrast, a long red candlestick indicates that sellers are in control and there is significant bearish momentum in the market. This could signal the start of a downtrend or a continuation of an existing one.
  • Long doji candlesticks: Doji candlesticks have very small real bodies and represent indecision in the market. However, when a doji candlestick has an unusually long upper or lower shadow, it can signal a potential trend reversal. A long-legged doji, where both the upper and lower shadows are long, can indicate market indecision and signal a potential reversal.
  • Long upper shadow candlesticks: This type of candlestick represents a market that opened and rallied but lost steam, resulting in a significant pullback. This can signal a potential reversal, as buyers could be starting to lose control.
  • Long lower shadow candlesticks: Conversely, a candlestick with a long lower shadow indicates that the market opened and sold off but buyers stepped in and brought the price back up. This can also indicate a potential reversal.

It’s important to note that while long candlesticks can provide strong signals, they should always be analyzed in the context of other technical indicators and market conditions to make informed trading decisions.

Short Candlesticks

Short candlesticks in forex trading indicate indecision in the market. They are typically seen in trading during times of low volatility and can be an important signal for traders to pay attention to. Short candlesticks are characterized by a small body with long wicks on both ends, indicating that both buyers and sellers were active during the trading session but neither group was able to gain control.

  • Short candlesticks that appear within an overall trend may indicate a potential trend reversal, as the indecision in the market shows a lack of confidence in the direction of the trend.
  • If short candlesticks appear during a period of consolidation, traders may look for a breakout in either direction as an indication of a potential trend reversal.
  • Short candlesticks can also be useful in combination with other technical indicators, such as moving averages or trend lines, to help confirm potential trade setups.

As with all candlestick patterns, short candlesticks are best used in conjunction with other forms of technical analysis to make trading decisions. Traders should strive to understand the context in which short candlesticks appear before making any trades based solely on this pattern.

Short Candlestick CharacteristicsInterpretation
Small body with long wicks on both endsIndecision in the market
Appear within an overall trendPotential trend reversal
Appear during a period of consolidationPotential breakout in either direction

Overall, short candlesticks provide valuable information to traders by indicating indecision in the market. When used in combination with other technical indicators, they can be helpful in identifying potential trade setups and confirming trends.

Marubozu Candlesticks

The term Marubozu is derived from Japanese which means “bald” or “shaved”. In forex trading, Marubozu candlesticks are regarded as strong indicators of market trends. They are long bodies with no shadows or wicks on either side of the candlestick. The Marubozu candlestick has two types – the bullish Marubozu and the bearish Marubozu.

  • Bullish Marubozu: A bullish Marubozu is a long green-bodied candlestick with no shadows or wicks. It signifies a bullish trend as the opening price is the same as the lowest price and the closing price is equal to the highest price for the day. This indicates that buyers are in control of the market, and prices are expected to rise in the coming days.
  • Bearish Marubozu: A bearish Marubozu is a long red-bodied candlestick with no shadows or wicks. It signifies a bearish trend as the opening price is the same as the highest price, and the closing price is equal to the lowest price for the day. This indicates that sellers are in control of the market, and prices are expected to fall in the coming days.

Traders use Marubozu candlesticks to determine market trends and to make trading decisions. Traders can enter long positions if a bullish Marubozu pattern forms, or short positions if a bearish Marubozu pattern forms. Marubozu candlesticks can also be used as an exit signal for existing trades. For example, a trader might close a long position if a bearish Marubozu pattern forms, indicating that the market trend is shifting to the downside.

Marubozu candlesticks are also useful when combined with other technical analysis tools. Traders can use Marubozu candlesticks to confirm other technical indicators such as moving averages, trendlines, and support and resistance levels.


Marubozu candlesticks are popular among traders as they provide a strong indication of market trends. A bullish Marubozu signifies a bullish trend, while a bearish Marubozu indicates a bearish trend. Traders can use Marubozu candlesticks to make trading decisions, as well as to confirm other technical analysis tools. However, traders should be careful not to rely solely on Marubozu candlesticks and should use them in conjunction with other technical indicators for a more comprehensive analysis.

Hammer Candlesticks

One of the most popular candlestick patterns in forex trading is the hammer candlestick. It is a bullish reversal pattern that is identified by a small body and a long lower shadow. The hammer candlestick is formed when the price opens, then drops significantly during the trading session, but eventually recovers to close near the opening price. The pattern looks like a hammer, hence the name.

  • The hammer candlestick shows that buyers have entered the market and are pushing the price up, overcoming the selling pressure that was initially present.
  • A hammer candlestick can signal a potential reversal of a downtrend, particularly when it appears at or near a support level.
  • Hammer candlesticks are more reliable when they are confirmed by other technical indicators, such as trend lines or moving averages.

Traders often use the hammer candlestick as a buy signal, since it can indicate a potential shift in market sentiment. However, it is important to note that the hammer candlestick is just one piece of information and should be used in conjunction with other technical and fundamental analysis tools.

Shooting Star Candlesticks

Shooting Star Candlesticks are a type of candlestick pattern that indicates a potential reversal in the market’s direction. It appears when there are bullish trends, and the price rises before being pushed back down by the bears. This pattern is characterized by a small body at the top and a long lower shadow, making it resemble a shooting star.

  • The name “Shooting Star” comes from its shape, as it resembles a falling star with a long tail.
  • This pattern is viewed as a bearish reversal pattern.
  • It is typically found after a rally and could indicate a negative reversal in the market.

When interpreting the Shooting Star Candlestick, traders should look at the following characteristics:

Small bodyShows the opening price was relatively the same as the closing price. However, it can also indicate indecision in the market.
Long upper wickIndicates that the bears pushed the price down significantly from its high during the trading session.
Little or no lower wickShows that the bulls could not push the price higher and indicates that the bears are stronger and taking control of the market.

Traders typically use the Shooting Star Candlestick to indicate a potential reversal in the market. This pattern could be an indication that the bullish trend is losing steam, and the bears are starting to take control of the market. However, traders should always look at additional indicators and do their analysis before making any trading decisions.

Engulfing Candlesticks

Engulfing candlesticks are a common pattern that can signal a potential trend reversal. They occur when a larger candle completely engulfs the previous smaller candle in the opposite direction of the trend. There are two types of engulfing candlesticks: bullish engulfing and bearish engulfing.

  • Bullish engulfing: This occurs in a downtrend when a smaller bearish candle is followed by a larger bullish candle that completely engulfs the previous candle. This suggests that buyers have taken over and the trend may be reversing to the upside.
  • Bearish engulfing: This occurs in an uptrend when a smaller bullish candle is followed by a larger bearish candle that completely engulfs the previous candle. This suggests that sellers have taken over and the trend may be reversing to the downside.

How to identify engulfing candlesticks

To identify an engulfing candlestick pattern, traders should look for a two-candle pattern where the second candle completely engulfs the first candle. Traders should also pay attention to the size of the candles, with the engulfing candle being larger than the previous candle.

Trading with engulfing candlesticks

Engulfing candlesticks can be used in conjunction with other technical analysis tools to identify potential trading opportunities. For example, traders may use engulfing patterns to confirm their support and resistance levels or to confirm other candlestick patterns.

Engulfing Candlestick PatternDescriptionTrading Strategy
Bullish engulfingLarger bullish candle engulfs smaller bearish candleBuy at the open of the next candle after the bullish engulfing pattern is complete
Bearish engulfingLarger bearish candle engulfs smaller bullish candleSell at the open of the next candle after the bearish engulfing pattern is complete

It is important for traders to use caution and combine engulfing candlestick patterns with other technical analysis tools to confirm signals and avoid false breakouts or reversals.

FAQs about the Meanings of Candles in Forex Trading

1. What do green candles mean in forex trading?

Green candles in forex trading represent an increase in price or bullish market sentiment. It means that buyers are in control, and there is a potential for further upward movement.

2. What do red candles mean in forex trading?

Red candles in forex trading, on the other hand, signify a decrease in price or bearish market sentiment. It means that sellers are in control, and there is a potential for further downward movement.

3. What does a long wick on a candle mean in forex trading?

A long wick on a candle in forex trading signifies that there was a significant price change during that trading period. It could mean that prices spiked up or down before returning to the opening level, and traders may interpret this as a potential trend reversal signal.

4. What does a doji candle mean in forex trading?

A doji candle in forex trading reflects a state of indecision in the market as buyers and sellers are balanced. It indicates that the opening and closing prices were nearly the same, and there was considerable volatility during the trading period.

5. What do consecutive red or green candles mean in forex trading?

Consecutive red or green candles in forex trading indicate a trend in the market, whether it is bullish or bearish. Traders may use this as a signal to enter or exit trades according to the trend.

6. What does a spinning top candle mean in forex trading?

A spinning top candle in forex trading is a signal of indecision in the market, much like a doji candle. It has a small body and long wicks, indicating that traders are uncertain about the direction of the market.

7. Can candlestick patterns be used to predict forex market trends?

Yes, candlestick patterns are useful for predicting forex market trends. Traders can use them to identify potential trend reversals, confirm existing trends, and find entry and exit points in their trades.

Closing Thoughts

Thank you for reading about the meanings of the candles in forex trading. Understanding candlestick patterns is crucial in analyzing price movements and trends in the foreign exchange market. Remember to keep practicing and learning to improve your forex trading skills. Visit us again later for more trading related content. Happy trading!